New route to synthesize bioplastics developed

By Ratneshwar Thakur

Twitter handle: @ratnesh_thakur

New Delhi, June 13 : A group of researchers has developed a new strategy that promises to help expand the scope for production of bioplastics.

In recent years, scientists and industry have focused on developing bioplastics as a replacement for synthetic ones to help protect the environment. However, bio-polymers produced from materials like starch have found limited applications and their production processes are expensive and generate pollution.

The strategy – developed by researchers from National Institute of Technology (Warangal), SASTRA Deemed University(Thanjavur) and Central University of Jammu -promises to overcome this problem. The process involves use of natural monomers and a bio-catalyst called Novozyme 435. It is a lipaseobtained fromyeast called Candida Antarctica.

While preparing oligoesters as part of regular experiments, researchers observed formation of a viscous solution which was behaving very similar tomolecular self-assembly: disordered molecules were adopting a defined structureon their own.“This observation motivated us to understand the concept of self-assembly assisted polymerization,” said K. Muthusamy from Sastra University, Thanjavur,co-author in the study.

The new protocol involves two steps. First, bio-based monomers, C-glycosylfuran and diacids, were subject to poly-condensationto form high molecular weight compound in the presence of bio-catalyst. The output was then made to undergo self-assembly assisted polymerizationto realizethe desired product.Conventionally, vegetable oils, carbohydrates, lignin, and cardanol are used for producing bio-based polymers.The process is, however, expensive and not environment friendly.

“We have used environmental friendly bio-based monomers,C-glycosylfuran derived from monosaccharides anda bio-catalyst.With this approach,we can generate cross-linked polymers and different products with varyingproperties can be produced by manipulating the designof oligoester. The products may find use for a range of applications in medical and food sectors,” explained study leader Dr. S. Nagarajan of NIT, Warangal, while speaking to India Science Wire.

Converting bio-based monomers into value-added materials is important in sustainable chemistry. “The group has prepared bifunctional monomers and which were converted into polymers using an enzyme catalyzed reaction. It is an efficient way of generating materials which have potential to make soft materials, and may find applications in near future,”commented Dr. Praveen Kumar Vemula from Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Bangalore who is not a part of this study.

The research team included K. Muthusamy, K. Lalitha, Y. Siva Prasad,A. Thamizhanban,C. Uma Maheswari (SASTRA Deemed University),V. Sridharan(Central University of Jammu)  and S. Nagarajan from NIT Warangal. The study, financially supported by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), has been published in journal ChemSusChem.

(India Science Wire)

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